Therapeutic Spiral Model is a therapeutic pathway for the safe and effective treatment of trauma. It integrates the following elements:
(a) experiential therapy (clinically modified psychodrama);
(b) recent research findings on resilience
(c) knowledge from neurosciences about how the brain processes trauma
(d) emphasis of positive psychology on the development of strengths

History of TSM +
Those who benefit most from TSM

Since its inception in 1992, thousands of people around the world have benefited from TSM: survivors of various traumatic experiences; individuals, groups, and communities suffering from severe, chronic, and post-traumatic stress; and people with eating disorders, addictions, anxiety, and depression, and other mental health problems that may develop as a result of post-traumatic stress. The TSM provides a clinical model for working with individual, group , community and social traumas, and transgenerational traumas. It can also be used to interrupt structural violence by educating people for change.

Methodology TSM

TSM therapeutic methodology for the safe and effective treatment of trauma includes:

1. Preparatory work: developing strengths and building resilience +
2. Healing the trauma: experiential therapy +
3. Post-traumatic Growth Work: integration of the traumatic experience, wholeness restoration, and thriving +



Therapeutic Spiral International (TSI) presents an International Certification in Experiential Trauma Therapy, at four levels:
Trained Auxiliary Ego (TAE),
Assistant Leader (AL),
Team Leader (TL), and
TSI Trainer

Methodology of TSI Training

TSI offers a comprehensive training program in TSM psychodrama to treat Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and its aftermath. The International Certificate in Trauma Therapy is conferred upon participants who successfully complete all course requirements, which include:

(I) Workshop and Seminars

1. Personal Growth Workshop: TSM started out as a method of clinically modified psychodrama to treat the most vulnerable of people, those who had suffered from neglect and abuse in childhood and were seeking help when no one else seemed to be able to help them. We continue to offer personal growth workshops for self-care, resilience-building, education, treatment, and post-traumatic growth around the world.
2. Seminars: The theoretical training is developed through seven intensive, highly experiential seminars of 3.5 days each; in addition, trainees must complete at least one 3-day personal-growth workshop, which can be done before, after, or anytime in between the individual seminars.* The seminars themselves need not be taken in any specific order; students can always start their training by doing any of the seminars offered on TSM at any time, and anywhere in the world. (Non-Certificate trainees can take any or all of the seminars as stand-alone workshops, which are immediately useful for TSM clinical action interventions and for addressing trauma safely with action methods).
*Because they first want a personal experience of TSM, many professionals choose to do the personal-growth workshop before any of the seminars.
Level 1 Module: TSI Core Trauma Seminars: Throughout the four Core trauma seminars, specific clinically-modified TSM interventions for safety when working with trauma are taught through the clinical map of the Trauma Survivor’s Internal Role Atom (TSIRA)—essentially a map of a person’s psyche. Simultaneously, we teach the basic psychodrama concepts, the basic skills of doubling, role reversal and soliloquy; and the methodologies of therapeutic psychodrama, sociometry, sociodrama, and playback theatre.

Seminar 1: The Brain in Action, the Neurobiology of Trauma
Seminar 2: Containment—the Key to Safety with Action Methods
Seminar 3: Working with Defenses in Action
Seminar 4: Transforming the Trauma Triangle

Level 2 Module: TSI Advanced Clinical Seminars: The three Level 2 seminars teach participants more advanced observation and intervention skills in experiential action work for all settings. These clinical skills are not taught in any other psychodrama training program in the world. Each course provides deep, hands-on psychological learning about the psychodramatic process and nuances of personal and group psychology. Additionally, they afford exceptional personal growth opportunities.
As in Level 1, participants receive supervision while working in their own practice setting, during TSM dramas as team members, and in the processing of dramas. Protagonist opportunities and personal growth are included in all the seminars. By the end of Level 2 Advanced Clinical Seminars, participants will have identified their strengths and vulnerabilities of working in the roles of TAE, AL, and TL. They will have had the opportunities to work both with and without a team, while using the clinical skills in all settings, including education, therapy, and organizations.

Seminar 5: Differential Directing and Team Practice
Seminar 6: The Dance of Transference and Countertransference
Seminar 7: Using Projective Identification with Groups

To become a certified Trainer of TSM, after completing the seminars one must develop the practica and supervision processes. This takes at least two additional years.

(II) Practical: In the second part of the program, each student designs their own practica with Dr. Kate Hudgins (or other TSI supervisor) to meet the behavioral demonstration of specific skill sets to be certified as a Trained Auxiliary Ego, Assistant Leader, Team Leader, and TSI Trainer. Professional practica can be established in any setting the person works in, mental health, individual, group or family therapy, to social work, community development, education, organizational development to social activism.

(III) Supervision: The final part of TSI Certification is clinical supervision. After submitting an initial application and resume, each person is assigned a TSI supervisor that best suits their needs after a discussion with the Director of Training. Each student who is in the certification program must meet monthly via Skype, in person, or by phone. This can be individual or group supervision. An individual supervision session is one hour to an hour and a half long. Group supervision is 2-3 hours. Live supervised practice is included when you participate on TSI Action Healing Teams.

Those for whom TSl Training is designed ?

This training is for mental-health and social-care professionals, educators, community organizers, leadership trainers, coaches, and volunteers who wish to learn or improve their skills in working with people who are highly stressed or suffer from PTSD.

Structure of TSI Training

All the seminars in this training will combine experiential work of the participants with short lectures and reflective processes on methodology. Since this is an experiential method, the majority of the learning is action-oriented: live supervision, protagonist-centered psychodramas, sociodrama, demonstrations, and Playback Theatre. All participants have the opportunity for first-person learning by experiencing the TSM themselves and assisting with others’ healing. Because of the use of demonstrations, supervised technique practice, and full TSM Psychodramas, skills are developed quickly and effectively.

Action Healing Teams

Core to the TSM and TSI methodology are the Action Healing Teams. Each TSI workshop has an Action Healing Team, which is comprised of a certified trainer or team leader (TL), an assistant leader (AL), and at least two trained auxiliary egos (TAE). These teams are used in both training and personal growth workshops and provide an opportunity for people in training to receive live supervision and immediate feedback on their skills in the above roles. These teams are designed to provide the utmost in safety and containment even in the most intense emotional TSM psychodramas.
The team leader (TL) provides the overall leadership and direction for each workshop. They are responsible for directing the majority of TSM dramas and supporting all team members in their learning and personal processes. In this way, containment and safety are guaranteed for all participants.
The assistant leader (AL) focuses primarily on the connections between the group members and the team, most importantly the director of the drama. Essentially, the AL is the double of the director, meaning that they tune into the clinical intentions and action structures that the TL is implementing. To accomplish this, a primary duty is to communicate information from the trained auxiliary egos (TAEs) to the TL so that every group member is included in the drama, regardless of the size of the group.
TAEs enact all roles from the TSIRA that are needed throughout the workshop. In enacting each role, they strive for a clinical intervention that fits into the overall needs of group members. For example, during the prescriptive role scene they may be asked to provide the unique TSM roles of self-regulation (Body Double) and containment (Containing Double), as noted below. During the trauma scene, they prevent retraumatization by taking, themselves, the roles of victim or perpetrator.

General Learning Objectives of TSI Training

—why we recommend experiential therapy for the treatment for PTSD, according to the most recent neurobiological studies;
—basic psychodrama skills of doubling, mirroring, soliloquy, role-taking, role-playing, and role-reversal;
—the structure of any psychodrama, including warm-up, action and sharing;
—the clinical modification of the basic psychodrama skills to work with trauma in a contained action structure;
—the TSM Six Safety Action Structures;
—the Trauma Survivor’s Internal Role Atom (TSIRA), which provides a clinical guide for all experiential therapies for safety and direction;
—how to instill Prescriptive Roles to promote resilience through spontaneity and creativity;
—the TSM Trauma Triangle, a construct used to conceptualize and externalize the victim’s triangle of internalized roles—victim, perpetrator, abandoning authority―in the end transforming the authority role from one of abandonment to one of protection;
—promotion of post-traumatic growth through the TSM Transformative Roles;
—hands-on, experiential interventions, immediately useful for the containment, exploration, and transformation of stress and trauma;
—the use of sociometry to create safety and authentic connection in groups;
—the integration of art and ritual to assist deep healing; and
—how to develop applications specific to one’s individual needs in working with trauma.

Required Readings

Hudgins, Kate. Experiential Treatment for PTSD: The Therapeutic Spiral Model (Springer, 2002).
Hudgins, Kate, and Francesca Toscani (Eds.), Healing World Trauma with the Therapeutic Spiral Model: Psychodramatic Stories from the Frontlines (Kingsley, 2012).
(All courses will provide handouts and supplemental readings.)


Each seminar earns 25 hours of training with:
– Therapeutic Spiral International (TSI) — Credits count toward the International Certification in Trauma Therapy using the Therapeutic Spiral Model
– In USA:
American Board of Examiners in Psychodrama, Sociometry and Group Psychotherapy
American Society of Experiential Therapists.
In Philadelphia, Pa., CE credits for psychologists, social workers, addictions counselors, and marriage and family therapists are available through Phoenix Center for Experiential Trauma Therapy.
A certificate will be given to participants after the completion of each seminar, and a diploma, after the completion of the eight seminars (one personal growth workshop and seven training seminars), by Unoymas, Relational Development
– In Spain
Spanish Association of Psychodrama (AEP)
Spanish Federation of Associations of Psychotherapists (FEAP)
A certificate will be given to participants after the completion of each seminar, and a diploma after the completion of a personal growth workshop and the seven training seminars, by both Unoymas, Relational Development, and Gregorio Marañón Hospitals

1. Fulfill the registration form in the Unoymas webpage at
2. Reservations will become effective ONLY when payment has been received. (Please send a copy of your payment or bank transfer bill to
3. Payments must be done to the Banco Santander, bank account ES73 0049 5147 4522 9523 9659. Meals and coffee are not included in the seminar fees.
Note 1: When doing a bank transfer, remember to record the name of the participant in the workshop, and the name of the workshop itself.
Note 2: There are limited spots for each workshop, so please make your reservation soon.

Send a check to TSM, contact previous for mail with Maria Muñoz-Grandes to

TSI-España International certification Schedule
Personal Growth Workshop with TSM, «surviving spirits»-27-30 June 2019 seminars in Spain (3 days; 20 hours)
Thursday, 27: (17,00-20.00)
Friday 28 & 29 Saturday: (10.00-13.30) (15.30-19.00)
Sunday, 30: (10.00-15.00)
Action Healing Team: Kate Hudgins (TL), Gabriel (AL), Joshua (TAE) and Andrea (TAE)
Working hours, including team work
(8,30-10.00) Team meeting
(10.00-13,00) Session
(13,00-2,30) Lunch
(14,30-17,30) Session
(17,30,-19.00) Team meeting
Training workshop Schedules-Madrid, Spain
(Each training workshop lasts 3 1/2 days; 25 hours)
Thursday (17,00-20.00)
Friday, Saturday and Sunday: (10-13.30) (15.30-19.00)

Training Workshop 1-The Brain in action, the neurobiology of Trauma-December 5-8 2019
Early enrolment: 1 June-31 July 2019)
Registration: 1 August to 30 September 2019
Late Registration: October 1 to December 4, 2019)
Training Workshop 2-containment as a key to safe active therapeutic methods-12-15 March 2020
Early registration: September 1 to October 31, 2019
Registration: 1 November to 31 December 2019
Late Registration: 1 January to 11 March 2020
Training Workshop 3-Transforming the Trauma Triangle-17-21 June 2020
Early Registration: 1 December 2019 to 31 January 2020)
Registration: 1 February to 31 March 2020)
Late enrollment: 1 April 1-16 June 2020
Payments must be made by bank deposit or wire transfer to the CC number. At Banco Santander, ES73 0049 5147 4522 9523 9659. Meals and breakfasts are not included in the rate.

TSI-Philadelphia International Certification Schedule
Men’s Group: transformation through action with TSM,
For post-traumatic growth-2-4 August Philadelphia, US-(3 days; 20 hours)
Friday 2 & Saturday 3 2019: (10.00-13.00) (14.30-18.00)
Sunday, 4 2019: (9.00-13.00)
Action Healing Team: Steven (TL), Gabriel (AL), Joshua (TAE) and Chad (TAE)
Training workshop Schedules-Philadelphia, USA
(Each seminar lasts 3 1/2 days; 25 hours)
Thursday: (17,00-20.00)
Friday, Saturday and Sunday: (10.00-13.00) (14.30-18.00)

TSI-España International Certification Calendar
Personal Growth Workshop with TSM, «Surviving Spirits»-June 27-30 2019 Seminaries in Spain
TSM Training Workshops
Workshop 1-5-8-December 2019-The Brain in Action, the neurobiology of Trauma
Workshop 2-12-15 March 2010-Containment as a key to safe active therapeutic methods
Workshop 3-17-21 June 2010-Transforming the triangle of trauma
Workshop 4-Dates to be determined-Working with defenses in action
Workshop 5-Dates to be determined-Differential Direction and Team Practice
Workshop 6-Dates to be determined-Dance Transfer and Counter-transfer
Workshop 7-Dates to be determined-Use of Projective Identification in Groups

TSI-Philadelphia International Certification Calendar
Personal Growth Workshops with TSM in Philadelphia
August 15-18-Women’s Salon: Residential workshop for post-traumatic growth
August 2019-Men’s Group for post-traumatic growth: transformation through action with TSM
Training Workshops in Philadelphia
Workshop 1-Dates to be determined-The Brain in Action, the neurobiology of Trauma
Workshop 2-Dates to be determined-containment as a key to safe active therapeutic methods
Workshop 3-Dates to be determined-transforming the triangle of trauma
Workshop 4-Dates to be determined-Working with defenses in action
Workshop 5-Dates to be determined-Differential Direction and Team Practice
Workshop 6-Dates to be determined-Dance Transfer and Counter-transfer
Workshop 7-Dates to be determined-Use of Projective Identification in Groups

Personal Growth Workshop: «Surviving Spirits», in the «Villa San Pedro» Exercise House, Paseo Reding, 35, 29016 Malaga, Spain
Training Workshops: Gregorio Marañon University Hospital (HUGM), Aula de Psychiatry, C/Ibiza, 43. 28029 Madrid

Send a check to TSM, contact previous for mail with Maria Muñoz-Grandes to

Surviving Spirits-Post-traumatic Personal Growth Group Malaga, Spain, 27-30 June 2019
Full Package:
— Residence Price per day: 50 Euros per day, 150 Euros 3 days (includes single room with private bathroom and full board, with breakfast lunch and dinner)
— Workshop Fees: From 115 to 125 Euros per day, depending on the date of enrollment (see table)
Early Registration (from March 20 to April 20, 2019)
Total Price of the workshop: 495 Euros (Students 485 Euros)
Registration (from April 21st to May 21st, 2019)
Total Price of the workshop: 510 Euros (Students 500 Euros)
Late Registration (from May 22 to June 26, 2019)
Total Price of the workshop: 525 Euros (Students 515 Euros)
Rates of the Training Workshops at TSI in Spain
(Each seminar has a duration of 3 ½ days. Each Seminar must be paid independently, sending a bank check to TSM, after filling in the registration form on the Unoymas page and contacting Maria Munoz-Grandes at
Early Enrolment: 400 Euros (Students: 410 Euros)
Tuition: 450 Euros (Students: 440 Euros)
Late Registration: 500 Euros (Students: 490 Euros)

Rates of Personal growth groups in Philadelphia, USA
Men’s group-Post-traumatic Personal Growth Group-2-4 August 2019. Prices include catering for meals. The dinners are in charge of the participants.
Early registration (28 March-30 April)
Workshop Total Price: $595 (Students $485)
Middle Registration (1 May-28 June)
Total price of the workshop: $605 (Students $595)
Late Registration (1 July 1-1 August)
Workshop Total Price: $615 (Students $605)